EUChap Ideas

European contributors to Information Science

  • Archival Theory & Practice
    • Ernst Posner
  • Bibliographical Description & Cataloguing
    • Anthony Panizzi
    • Bibliographical Society
  • Bibliometrics
    • Cole & Eames (1917)
    • E. W. Hulme
    • Gross & Gross
    • Samuel Bradford
    • Alan Pritchard
  • Document/Documentation Theory
    • Paul Otlet
    • Suzanne Briet
  • Facetted classification
    • UDC
    • Brian Vickery
  • IR evaluation
    • Relevance, Precision and Recall
      • Cranfieldexperiments
  • Library Science
    • Martin Schrettinger
  • Metrics
    • Bibliometrics
      • Cole & Eames (1917)
      • E. W. Hulme
      • Gross & Gross
      • Samuel Bradford
      • Alan Pritchard
    • Scientometrics
      • Derek de SollaPrice
  • Photocopying
    • Photostats
      • René Graffin
    • Microfilm
      • René Dagron
    • Microfiche
      • Robert Goldschmidt
      • Paul Otlet
  • Search Engines
    • Emanuel Goldberg
  • Theory of Information Science
    • Robert Fairthorne
    • B. C. Brookes

European Contribution: Documentation, Neo-documentation

  • Classical Documentation: Expanded bibliography and new technology by Paul Otlet and others, 1895+. Refined by Suzanne Briet, 1951.
  • Herbert H. Field, Concilium Bibliographicum (Zurich). See Bulletin of ASISTAug 2016.
  • In USA: Watson Davis, Jesse Shera promoted Documentation: American Documentation Institute (1937, became ASIST); Journal of Documentary Reproduction (ALA, 1938-42; became JASIST). Microfilm. Social epistemology?
    Influence masked by strong development of special libraries in USA.
  • Neo-documentalistrevival in Europe and USA in the 1990s revived interest in a “document-centric” perspective for Information Science: Physical and social and cognitive aspects. More at Lund, N. W. Annual Review of IS&T. 43(2009): 399-432.
    http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~buckland/concepts.html
    http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~buckland/zadardoctheory.pdf