Dr. Eugene Garfield Wins the Online Information Lifetime Achievement Award
PHILADELPHIA, PA USA, and LONDON UK, Nov. 30, 2006 -- Thomson
Scientific, part of The Thomson Corporation (NYSE: TOC; TSX: TOC) and leading provider of information solutions to the worldwide research and business communities, today announced that Dr. Eugene Garfield is the 2006 recipient of the Online Information Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of more than 50 years of dedication, leadership and innovation in the information industry. The 2006 International Information Industry Awards were held at the Royal Lancaster Hotel in London, UK on Wednesday, November 29th.
Often dubbed the "Father of Scientometrics and Bibliometrics," Dr. Garfield is founder & chairman emeritus of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI(R)) - now Thomson Scientific. Garfield's career in scientific communication and information science began in 1951 when he joined the Welch Medical Indexing Project at Johns Hopkins University, USA. The project planted the seeds for several major advances in scientific communication and information science that have distinguished Dr. Garfield's career.
In 1958, Garfield was contacted by Joshua Lederberg, who was interested in knowing what happened to the citation index Garfield proposed in 1955 in the journal, Science. This, eventually led to a meeting with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to produce and distribute a Genetics Citation Index, including a multi-disciplinary index to the science literature of 1961. Undaunted by the NIH and National Science Foundation's (NSF) disinterest in publishing the latter index, Garfield began regularly publishing the Science Citation Index(R) (SCI(R)) in 1964 through the Institute for Scientific Information. The SCI(R) soon distinguished itself from other literature indexes and was recognized as a basic and fundamental innovation in scientific communication and information science.
From 1961 on, Garfield's career is marked by the constant enhancement of existing resources combined with the extraordinary development of new information tools for researchers, including Current Contents(R), plus citation indexes for the social sciences (SSCI(R)) and arts and humanities (A&HCI(R)).
During the past decades, as the volume of literature has been growing exponentially, Garfield's innovations have made it possible for researchers to cope with and keep up with articles directly relevant to their interests. Current Contents has become a vital and basic component of clinical research and the research laboratory.
The SCI has become an important tool for navigating the scientific literature. With the advent of the Internet the SCI, SSCI, and A&HCI were integrated into the online information solution - Web of Science(R). Web of Science is the leading resource that provides seamless access to current and retrospective multidisciplinary information from the most prestigious, high-impact research journals in the world. Web of Science also provides a unique search method, cited reference searching. With it, users can navigate forward, backward, and through the literature, searching all disciplines and time spans (back to 1900) to uncover all the information relevant to their research.
Today, Web of Science is a key component of ISI Web of Knowledge(SM) - the ground-breaking, integrated research platform that facilitates discovery by offering seamless navigation to high-quality, multidisciplinary journal, patent, and web content; evaluation tools; and bibliographic management products.
At age 81, Dr. Garfield maintains a heavy schedule of invited speeches and presentations before high-level medical, scientific, and information symposia and conferences. He has been the recipient of numerous awards and recognitions. He has published over 1,000 weekly essays in Current Contents and has also published and edited commentaries by the authors of over 5,000 Citation Classics. Dr Garfield continues to be active in scientific communication and information science. In 1986, he founded The Scientist, a bi-weekly newspaper for research professionals. It reports on news and developments relevant to the professional and practical interests of scientists, providing a unique forum for the discussion of issues important both to the research community and society.
Accepting the award, Dr. Garfield expressed his gratitude to Online Information, colleagues, the research and information communities, employees, and friends around the world who supported him throughout his career and inspired his significant contributions to the information industry. He saved his most important thanks for last to his family.