ASIS&T 2013 Annual Meeting 
Montrťal, Quťbec, Canada | November 1-5, 2013

Understanding Factors Influencing the Effect of Collaboration on Productivity in a Developing Country: Kenya

Petronilla Muriithi, University of Brighton
David Horner, University of Brighton
Lyn Pemberton, University of Brighton

Monday, 10:30am


Increased productivity has been cited as one of the benefits of scientific collaboration. While some studies have identified a positive relationship between collaboration and productivity, others have found a negative or no clear relationship between the two. A number of factors determine the relationship established, ranging from the context under which research is carried out that shapes the scientistsí collaboration and productivity behaviors and practices, to the methods and measures used. Few studies have examined the factors underlying the said relationship, more so in studies of developing areas. In this article we present the empirical findings of a study seeking to establish the relationship between collaboration and productivity of academic scientists in Kenya, including factors determining the established relationship. The study uses mixed methods research design employing self reported measures of collaboration and productivity. The study establishes a significant, though weak relationship between collaboration and publication productivity for academic scientists in Kenyan Universities. The productivity level is mainly dependent on the disciplinary area, academic qualification, and the national and institutional context within which research is done. The results presented serve to enhance our understanding of factors determining scientistís productivity, and methods best suited to investigate collaboration and productivity in developing areas.