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Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology



In This Issue
Bert R. Boyce




An Exploratory Study of Malaysian Publication Productivity in Computer Science and Information Technology
Yinian Gu
Published online 7 August 2002

Gu characterizes the publication activity of computer science and information technology researchers in Malaysia by data collected through searches restricted to 1990-1999 in COMPENDX, IEEE Electronic Library, and INSPEC. These searches supplied 461 records. The first four years contributed 20% with growth to 80% in the last six years. University researchers contribute 93%, and 56% are contributed by the three most productive institutions. Nearly 60% are conference papers.







Dynamic and Evolutionary Updates of Classificatory Schemes in Scientific Journal Structures
Loet Leydesdorff
Published online 7 August 2002

In order to determine ``central tendency journals,'' Leydesdorff suggests the use of factor analysis on both the cited and citing halves of a journal-journal citation matrix drawn from citations to and from a journal of interest with the use of a threshold. A test using JASIST produces different clusters with changing journals for different time periods. Such changing classifications of journals are seen as a means of generating a hypothesis for the next state. The use of fixed sets of journals to indicate a topical class for analysis of work in a subject will not reflect reality over time.








Conceptualizing Documentation on the Web An Evaluation of Different Heuristic-Based Models for Counting Links between University Web Sites
Mike Thelwall
Published online 8 August 2002

Thelwall considers three possible levels of aggregation for counting links between entities by comparing the incoming links at four levels to each of 108 United Kingdom university sites. There is no clear generally accepted definition for a Web page, or a Web document, but a Web site is normally associated with a domain name, or perhaps the domain name and the same first few directories. A working definition for a Web document is ``a body of work with a consistent identifiable theme produced by a single author or collaborating team. It may consist of any number of partial or whole unrestricted access electronic files retrievable over the Web.'' Thelwall suggests developing heuristics for aggregating a Web document either by content and link structure, or by URL analysis, and he evaluates four URL-based heuristics; individual page, directory, domain name, and University, where all domain names belonging to a University are treated as a document. Using the UK's Research Assessment Exercise which assessed research contributions of individual universities as a standard, and a crawler created database of the 108 university sites using only those links found on the home page with duplicates removed, link counts and research productivity show significant correlation at the 0.1% level using Spearman for all four definitions. Link counts between pairs of universities and the product of their productivity suggest that the domain model is the most robust and the directory model also meaningfully reduces outliers. Link counts strongly correlate with productivity.













Guest Editors Claire McInerney and Ronald Day

Introduction to the JASIST Special Section on Knowledge Management
Claire McInerney and Ronald Day
Published online 6 August 2002

Our task in editing this issue has been to reinvigorate the Knowledge Management debate by a collection of articles that theoretically and practically investigate Knowledge Management from an extended professional context and from a social context. We have, therefore, included articles that extend and challenge Knowledge Management as both a theoretical discourse and as a practical activity. Although the articles included here might create controversy both by their content and their inclusion in the Knowledge Management debate, we feel that only by a reevaluation of Knowledge Management will its central terms be more fully explored and will its relevance be historically extended and socially engaged.

Thus, this special issue of JASIST on Knowledge Management includes conceptual and empirical studies covering a broad discursive and social spectrum over three continents. It is certainly not meant to be comprehensive of every aspect of KM, nor is it meant to include research that simply extends the current parameters of KM. Instead, it is an attempt to assemble a group of interesting, largely interdisciplinary scholarly readings and research articles that account for KM's past historical significance and for its future promise as a source of theory and practice across a variety of fields.












Knowledge Management and the Dynamic Nature of Knowledge
Claire McInerney
Published online 25 July 2002

The issue begins with a general overview of Knowledge Management by Claire McInerney, touching upon some of the central themes of Knowledge Management and new directions for its development.






Knowledge Management Hype, Hope, or Help?
David C. Blair
Published online 26 July 2002

David Blair's article takes a comprehensive view of Knowledge Management, following its relationship to data or information management and its still promising possibilities.





Knowledge Integration in Virtual Teams The Potential Role of KMS
Maryam Alavi and Amrit Tiwana
Published online 19 July 2002

Maryam Alavi and Amrit Tiwana identify four challenges to knowledge integration in virtual team environments and propose knowledge management system (KMS) approaches to meet these challenges.





Mundane Knowledge Management and Microlevel Organizational Learning An Ethological Approach
Elisabeth Davenport
Published online 25 July 2002

Elisabeth Davenport explores the concepts of mundane knowledge management and organizational ethology in a case study of a project to promote virtual enterprise formation.






Knowledge Management in Three Organizations An Exploratory Study
F. C. Gray Southon, Ross J. Todd, and Megan Seneque
Published online 25 July 2002

F.C. Gray Southon, Ross Todd, and Megan Seneque, report on a study in Australia that examined knowledge structures in three organizations a law firm, an educational institution, and a government council.






Organizational Measures as a Form of Knowledge Management A Multitheoretic, Communication-Based Exploration
Jennifer K. Lehr and Ronald E. Rice
Published online 19 July 2002

Jennifer Lehr and Ronald Rice explore Knowledge Management in terms of four approaches to measurement.






Social Capital, Value, and Measure Antonio Negri's Challenge to Capitalism
Ronald E. Day
Published online 6 August 2002

Ronald Day explores the notion of social capital in terms of the problem of measure and value, particularly through the work of the Italian philosopher and political economist, Antonio Negri.




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