Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology

 

Special Topic Issue:  Still the Frontier: Information Science at the Millenium
Guest Editor: Terrence A. Brooks


 

 RESEARCH

 

 Still the Frontier: Information Science at the Millennium
 
Terrence A. Brooks
 Published online 10 November 2000
 
   The intent of the Millennium issue is to provide a forum for assessment
of where we have been and where we are going. Several themes emerged from
the nine selected articles:

  • Community and Trust
  • Communication and Community
  • The Identity of the Information Science Community
  •   Theoretical Development in the Information Science Community

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Contingency and Contradiction: The Place(s) of the Library at the Dawn of the New Millennium
 
Ross Atkinson
 Published online 8 November 2000
   
Acting as the public's trustworthy agent has been the historical role of librarians. Atkinson identifies the public's trust as an essential validator of libraries in the new Millennium.
 

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When Documents Deceive: Trust and Provenance as New Factors for  Information Retrieval in a Tangled Web
Clifford A. Lynch
Published online 10 November 2000
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On the other hand, lack of trust motivates Lynch's observations. The Web world lacks social conventions for indexing markup, which permits struggles between those who would index the Web and those whose financial interest is in attracting the attention of the Web community. How trustworthy is Web  information and how will that affect community?
 

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 A Retrospective and Prospective View of Information Retrieval and
Artificial Intelligence in the 21st Century
 
Eugene Garfield
 Published online 10 November 2000
 
    Information tends to define community. Garfield reminisces about the reprint-sharing culture of science in the 1950s, and anticipates the digital full-text documents of the future.
 

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A Proposed Integrated Environment for Enhanced User Interaction and Value-Adding of Electronic Documents: An Empirical Evaluation
Chern Li Liew, Schubert Foo, and K.R. Chennupati
 Published online 8 November 2000
 
Will traditional forms of communication seamlessly migrate to the Web? Liew, Foo, and Chennupati report that the top-ranked features of e-journals are those not available in paper journals: querying, navigation, and visualization.
 

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Trends, Fashions, Patterns, Norms, Conventions  and Hypertext Too
 
Einat Amitay
 Published online 10 November 2000
 
At a finer level, Amitay speculates about the use of language on the Web. The Web may be one large corpus of text, but she suggests that communities will express themselves by the conventions used for writing hypertext. It may be that new information technologies will spawn new communities. 
 

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Information Science Abstracts: Tracking the Literature of Information
Science. Part 1: Definition and Map
 
Donald T. Hawkins
 Published online 8 November 2000
 
The problem of identifying ``information science'' is still with us. Hawkins is concerned with the relationship between the information science community and the library community, especially in terms of the recent initiatives to reassert the information technology aspect of information science.
 

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From Information to Knowledge: Some Reflections on the Origin   of the Current Shifting Towards Knowledge Processing   and Further Perspective
 
Vesna Oluic-Vukovic
 Published online 8 November 2000
 
Information technology is also an important aspect of the discussion of Oluic-Vukovic, who attempts to shift the discussion to knowledge processing on the technical side and user demands on the other. Uncertainty about who we are and what we do persists.   Oluic-Vukovic observes that while the Web has transformed information, our approach to searching large collections of records has remained relatively unchanged.
 

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The Use of Theory in Information Science Research
Karen E. Pettigrew and Lynne (E.F.) McKechnie
Published online 10 November 2000
 
The survey by Pettigrew and McKechnie reveals an astonishing array of theories that information scientists have employed. Does such richness represent a fruitful blending of different intellectual communities, or superficial scattering of attention?

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Implications of Ambiguity for Scientometric Measurement
A. Bookstein
Published online 8 November 2000

Finally, Bookstein points to the ambiguity of our measurements that seems to present a structural impediment to the development of social science theory. Our theory always seems to be at an early stage, information science still at the frontier.

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 BOOK REVIEWS

 

Knowledge in a Social World, By Alvin I. Goldman
Deborah Barreau
   

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Robots for Kids: Exploring New Technologies for Learning, Edited by Allison Druin and James Hendler
Denise E. Agosto

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GUI Bloopers: Don't's and Do's for Software Developers and Web Designers, By Jeff Johnson
Tatyana Dumova
   

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2000 , Association for Information Science