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Instructions for Authors

General Approach
A good ARIST chapter is one that goes beyond an introductory and descriptive treatment of a topic. In order to provide proper context, the author may include introductory material that explains basic concepts associated with the topic, but the explanatory content should not dominate the chapter. The main purpose of an ARIST review is to identify significant research threads and issues that warrant critical attention. This effort should go beyond mere descriptive aggregation of work. The text should be strongly analytical and identify key research challenges. It should be written in a form that a general reader within the information science and technology community can understand. A good review chapter should also attempt to synthesize past work, draw comparisons across various approaches and concepts, describe their strengths and limitations, and point to promising new avenues of research within the domain of information science and cognate fields. Such an approach does not require that the author elide his or her voice, or resort to lifeless prose.

Submitting your ARIST Manuscript
The following instructions will expedite ARIST's publication. If the guidelines are not followed, delays are inevitable, and in some cases your manuscript or artwork may be returned as unacceptable. If you have questions, contact the ARIST editor or associate editor prior to delivering your manuscript.

General Requirements

  • Submit your manuscript as a MicrosoftWord document. Artwork should be submitted as separate files (see below).

  • Use one-inch margins and double-space all text.

  • Send the entire, completed ms. at one time, with all artwork and permissions. Do not send portions of your ms. unless specifically requested to do so by the editor.

  • Conduct a thorough spell check prior to delivery.

  • Permissions for the use of any and all text or graphic material copyrighted in the name of someone other than you must be sent (paper mail) at the time your final chapter is delivered (see "Artwork" below).

  • Our editors' "bible" is The Chicago Manual of Style. When in doubt, consult Chicago.

  • Do not add formatting or design of any kind (see "Copy Formatting" below)

File Names

  • Use your last name as the file name.

  • Tables should be labeled LASTNAMETAB01, LASTNAMETAB02, etc.

  • Figures should be labeled LASTNAMEFIG01, LASTNAMEFIG02, etc.

Use Times Roman in 12 pt. size-all text should be in the same font and size (see "Copy Formatting" below).

Page Numbers
Begin the chapter with page 1.

Type headings in upper/lower case, not all caps. Use same font and type size for headings as for body text, but use bold for headings. A single line should separate headings from the section of text preceding them. To indicate the level of each heading, use the following convention:

Chapter heading (i.e., chapter title) center
A headings flush left
B headings one tab-indent
C headings two tab-indent
D headings three tab-indent


  • The accuracy and completeness of references in the bibliography are the responsibility of the author. Only items in the chapter should be included in the list of references.

  • The format for citations in the chapter and for bibliographic references follows the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed., 2001). Guidelines for electronic reference formats recommended by the APA are available at:

  • Provide a complete, alphabetically arranged bibliography. The bibliography should begin with the heading "References" on a new page, following the chapter text.

Copy Formatting

  • Use bold and italics where necessary, but no other copy formatting.

  • Do not underline text (including URLs).

  • Use only one set of tabs and margins for the entire ms.

  • Mark the beginning of a new paragraph with a one tab-indent.

  • Do not add an extra line space or spaces between paragraphs except where separation between sections of text is required for contextual purposes.

  • Use a hard return only at the end of a paragraph (never use hard returns at end of each line of text).

  • Do not save your document as ASCII text.

  • Double space your ms. and use 1-inch margins.

  • Use tab key for indenting text not the space bar.

  • Use only one space after periods.

  • Indicate placement of art (figures, tables, etc.) in bold caps within brackets, with a hard return above and below the reference. For example:

    [SHAWFIG01 Here]

  • Due to the limitations of the printed page, artwork may not appear precisely as indicated; some art may be several pages removed from your placement reference. For this reason, we recommend that you consistently refer to figure/table numbers when discussing art in the ms. text, and use explanatory captions for all art.


The typical chapter is around 15,000 words plus 75 to 100 items in the bibliography. Please contact the Editor if your chapter will differ significantly from these guidelines.

The provision of usable artwork and permission for its use are the responsibilities of the author. ARIST is printed black and white throughout. Illustrations may consist of screen shots, tables, charts, diagrams, line art, b&w photographs, or electronic art. Each figure should be submitted as a separate file, and a list of all art, including figure numbers and captions, should accompany your manuscript as a separate file.

Format for ARIST Citations and Bibliographic References The format for citations in the chapter and for bibliographic references follows the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed., 2001).

Citation of an author's work in the text should follow the author-date method of citation; the surname of the author(s) and the year of publication should appear in text. For example,

Vaughan and Schwartz (1999) found that ...
Recent research has shown that ... (Borgman, 1990)
In other work (Bauin & Rothman, 1992; Erdelez, 2000) ...

Examples of bibliographic references for a journal article, a book, a chapter in a book, published proceedings of a meeting, and electronic documents follow:

Vaughan, M. W., & Schwartz, N. (1999). Jumpstarting the information design for a community network. Journal of the Association for Information Science, 50, 588-597.

Borgman, C. L. (Ed.). (1990). Scholarly communication and bibliometrics. London: Sage.

Bauin, S., & Rothman, H. (1992). "Impact" of journals as proxies for citation counts. In P. Weingart, R. Sehringer, & M. Winterhager (Eds.), Representations of science and technology (pp. 225-239). Leiden: DSWO Press.

Hoppe, K., Ammersbach, K., Lutes-Schaab, B., & Zinssmeister, G. (1990). EXPRESS: An experimental interface for factual information retrieval. In J.-L. Vidick (Ed.), Proceedings of the ACM SIGIR 13th Annual International Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, 63-81.

For electronic documents the date should indicate either the date of the publication or the most recent update; if neither can be determined, then it should indicate the date of the search. The availability statement should provide sufficient information to retrieve the material.

Erdelez, S. (2000). Information encountering. Retrieved January 27, 2001, from

Garett, J. (1993). Digital libraries: the grand challenges. EDUCOM Review, 28. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from http://www.

In case of any question about bibliographic formats, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition, Washington, DC, 2001. Copies may be ordered from: Order Department, American Psychological Association, 1200 Seventeenth St. NW, Washington, DC 20036.

Copyright Release

The Association for Information Science and Technology (ASIST) publishes ARIST. The attached Permission Slip and Author Agreement must be signed and submitted to ASIST no later than the final version of your manuscript.