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This dissertation investigates the factors affecting faculty members' self-archiving behavior, which is defined as making research materials publicly accessible on the Internet. Several empirical studies have examined academic authors' self-archiving behavior. However, faculty members' motivations for publishing their materials on the Internet and how they make such decisions as what versions to deposit and where to place them are not known. The guiding research question for the dissertation is: “What factors motivate faculty self-archiving behavior?” Examining motivational factors that influence the decision to self-archive will contribute to the literature on the transformation of scholarly communication as well as the practices of disciplinary and institutional repositories.
The research design involves triangulation of survey and interview data of 1500 faculty members sampled from 17 Carnegie Research Universities with DSpace Institutional Repositories (IRs). The sample is also stratified by academic discipline due to existing evidence of variation based on field. The survey was distributed in October-November 2006 and 686 (45.7%) responded.
Results from the survey indicated that personal web pages were used most frequently for self-archiving, followed by research group web sites and departmental web sites. Disciplinary repositories and IRs were employed infrequently. Based on logistic regression analysis, statistically significant differences in the following variables were found between faculty who have self-archived their research work and those who have not: (1) additional time and effort required for self-archiving; (2) academic reward; (3) altruistic intention; (4) pre-print culture; (5) number of publications. These factors will be examined through follow-up interviews in greater detail.
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