Monday, November 18, 2002
8:30am - 10:00am
Keynote Presentation: Thomas Blanton and Lee S. Strickland
10:30am - 12noon
User Studies and Information Architecture (SIGs IA & USE)
User studies and information system design need not be mutually exclusive activities. Panelists will explore the theory and practice involved in usercentered information
architecture, and they will tell their stories about incorporating user studies to improve the design of Web-based information architectures.
, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Louis Rosenfeld, Louis Rosenfeld LLC
Amanda Spink, Pennsylvania State University
Moderator: David Robins, University of Pittsburgh
What's the Use? Extending and Revising Notions of Use and Users in Information Behavior Research (SIG/USE)
The concepts of users
and use have not been thoroughly addressed in the literature since Zweizig and Dervin (1977), whose work was based solely upon public library use. How are these key
concepts being defined in current information behavior research and what are the implications for research design and analyses?
You will learn:
- Ways that current researchers define users and use in their research
- How the field atlarge might view these concepts
- How alternative ways in which people benefit from information systems dictate the need for re-examining the primary concepts guiding information behavior research
- Whether it is time to expand our operational definitions of users and use
Marcia Bates, University of California at Los Angeles
Joan C. Durrance, University of Michigan
Carol C. Kuhlthau, Rutgers University
Moderator: Karen E. Pettigrew, University of Washington
Deeper Representation of Digital Information: From Metadata to Semantic Data
Three researchers currently serving as principal or co-principal investigators on NSF Digital Libraries projects will tackle issues associated with deeper representation of digital information.
You will learn about:
- A project which has developed natural languagebased software for automatically tagging text and generating metadata from these tagged documents
- A new approach to deeper representation – a stronglystructured model for concepts used in a DLbased environment designed to support learning in domains of scientific knowledge
- The functions and characteristics of metadata elements and markup language elements, their interrelationships, and the way they interact when used for describing and indicating
information and its embodying documents
Liz Liddy, Syracuse University
Jian Qin, Syracuse University
Terry Smith, University of California, Santa Barbara
Marcia Lei Zeng, Kent State University
The Role of "Unpublished" Research in the Scholarly Communication of Scientists: Digital Preprints and Bioinformation Databases (SIGs STI, PUB & BIO)
The publication of research findings in a peerreviewed journal has long been the hallmark of
scientific communication. En route to journal publication, research might be communicated through conference proceedings, technical reports and preprints. With the advent of the digital
age, new models for scientific communication include virtual conferences, email and online journal publication. In fact, in some disciplines, electronic preprints have become a primary mode of
information dissemination. In contrast, however, biomedical scientists are reluctant to accept electronic preprints for their scholarly work, though they do share DNA and protein sequence
data through deposits in more than 200 publicly available Webbased databases.
You will learn about:
- Current and potential impact of large, dynamic, yet not peerreviewed, information warehouses on the scholarly communication of scientific researchers.
Cecelia Brown, University of Oklahoma
Joan C. Bartlett, University of Toronto
Kate McCain, Drexel University
Pat Krietz, SLACSPIRES
, Novartis Institute for Biomedical Research
Moderator: Julie Hurd, University of IllinoisChicago
Social Issues (Contributed Papers)
• Locally Controlled Scholarly Publishing via the Internet: The Guild Model. Rob Kling, Lisa Spector and Geoff Mckim, Indiana University
• Information Failures and Catastrophes: What Can We Learn by Linking Information Studies and Disaster Research? Anu Macintosh-Murray and Chun Wei Choo, University of Toronto
• Towards Effective Evaluation of Digital Community Information Systems. Kenton T. Unruh and Karen E. Pettigrew, Washington State University; and Joan C. Durrance, University of Michigan
Information Retrieval (Contributed Papers)
• Weighted Markov Chains and Graphic State Nodes for Information Retrieval. Gary Benoit, University of Kentucky
• Exploration of a Geometric Model of Data Fusion. Ulukbek Ibraev and Paul B. Kantor, Rutgers University, Kwong Bor Ng, Queens College-CUNY
• Global vs. Localized Search: A Comparison of Database Selection Methods in a Hierarchical Environment. Jack G. Conrad, Thomson Legal & Regulatory; Joanne Smestad Claussen, West Group; and
Changwen Yang, Oracle Corporation
Moderator: Jens-Erik Mai, University of Washington
12noon - 1:00pm
- "Image Search Moves on the Web: An Exploratory Study."
Abby A. Goodrum, Syracuse University
- "Government & Community Building: A Study of Michigan Local Governments Online."
Allison R. Brueckner, Cyber-State.org
- "Question Types in Digital Reference: An Evaluation of Question Taxonomies."
Jeffrey Pomerantz, Syracuse University
- "Preliminary Testing of a Model of Online Trust."
Susan Wiedenbeck, Drexel University, and Cynthia L. Corritore and Beverly Kracher, Creighton University
- "Integrating Traditional User-based Search and Retrieval with Information Technologies for Metadata Sharing in a Global Environmental Change Information System."
Gene R. Major
, Science Systems and Applications, Inc., and Lola M. Olsen, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
- "Appetite for Information in the Hobby of Cooking."
Jenna Hartel, University of California Los Angeles
- "Human Information Behavior Research Clearinghouse (HIBRC): System Architecture for a New Digital Library."
Abebe Rorissa and Linda Schamber, University of North Texas
- "The MetaMap."
James M Turner and Véronique Moal, Universite de Montreal
- "Language-based Retrieval of Web Documents: An Analysis of the Arabic-recognition Capabilities of Two Major Search Engines."
Haidar Moukdad, Dalhousie University
- "Mapping "A Beautiful Mind": A Comparison of the Author Cocitation PFNets for John Nash, John Harsanyi and Reinhardt Selten – The Three Winners of the 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics."
Katherine W. McCain
and Roger A. McCain III, Drexel University
- "Using Visualization and Structured Metadata for Information Exploration"
Lorraine Normore and Mark Bendig, OCLC
- "The Ambiguous Bioinformatics Domain: A Conceptual Map of Information Science Applications for Molecular Biology."
Sheila O. Denn and W. John MacMullen
, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- "Reducing the Information Gap: Digital Library Development in Brazil."
Cavan McCarthy, Louisiana State University, and Murilo Bastos da Cunha, Universidade de Brasília
- "Interactive Visualization System with Multidimensional Scaling."
Xia Lin, Drexel University, Min Song, ISI
- "Teachers' Attitudes Towards Computer Adoption: An Integrated Theoretical Perspective."
M. Lovetta James, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- "Using Social Network Analysis to Study Group Interaction Patterns in an Online Knowledge Community."
Angela Heath, Long Island University, CW Post Campus
- "Capturing, Modeling and Utilizing Bioinformatics Expertise."
Joan C. Bartlett and Elaine G. Toms, University of Toronto
- "A Conceptual Model for Cataloging Process."
Shoichi Taniguchi, University of Library and Information Science (Japan)
- "Human Information Behavior Research Clearinghouse (HIBRC) System Architecture for a New Digital Library."
Abebe Rorissa, Graduate Student Linda Schamber, Associate Professor, University of
- "Knowledge Management and Knowledge Science Curriculum Programs in Institutes of Higher Education Examination of Case Studies Associated with an Emergent Discipline"
Michael JD Sutton, McGill University
1:30pm - 3:00pm
The New Un-Wired Frontier: Wireless Computing in Library and Information Centers (SIG/LAN)
In the world of electronic information storage and delivery, the lifespan of the current "highest" technology grows shorter
and shorter. In just the very recent past, we spoke confidently of those on the "bleeding edge" of technology as being "wired," for whom a magazine of the same name became a publishing phenomenon in
the early 1990s. Now the front-runner in information delivery appears to be all things wireless.
You will learn about:
- Some of the customer drivers leading to development of a wireless platform
- Problems, design issues and solutions associated with making online research via wireless PDAs a reality
- Different scenarios of wireless computing and information delivery in library and information centers and by commercial information vendors
- The future of wireless computing – its ramifications for both traditional and fullywired libraries and its likely lifespan
Tom Terrell, University of South Florida
Joe Williams, Texas A&M University Libraries
Doug Rosenoff, Thomson Legal and Regulatory
Moderator: Vicki L. Gregory, University of South Florida
Designing Data Collection Instruments with Reusable Metadata for the U.S. Census Bureau's 2002 Economic Census Initiative, Using XML
The Economic Census requires millions of businesses to complete survey forms every five years
to provide data on manufacturing, mining, retail and wholesale trade and service industries, construction and transportation. For the first time, in 2002, respondents have the option to
complete electronic survey forms based on exactly the same content as paper forms; responses will be automatically validated and entered into a central repository containing both metadata and
response data. By using XML as the basis for data interchange, we insure that the information remains accessible and transportable over time and over changing systems.
You will learn about:
- The three components into which survey metadata, which define how a form is to appear to the user, are segmented
- The 650+ forms for the 2002 Economic Census which allow the Census Bureau to extract, analyze and present data in a variety of forms across multiple publishing channels
Steven A. Schafer, Fenestra Technologies Corporation
Jane Smith, Fenestra Technologies Corporation
Edward J. Spar, COPAFS
Moderator: Steven A. Schafer
Update on Federal Information Policies (SIG/IFP)
Federal information policy issues related to management of and access to government information deal with such matters as accessibility of scientific and technical information, electronic records
management, evaluation of Webbased government information, reauthorization of the Paperwork Reduction Act, digital government and public access to government information. A panel of
experts in federal information policy will discuss and clarify current policy issues, analyze the impact of existing policies and offer specific recommendations and strategies to address concerns.
Charles R. McClure, Florida State University
J. Timothy Sprehe, Sprehe Information Management Associates, Inc.
Jane Bortnick Griffith, National Library of Medicine
John Carlo Bertot, Florida State University
Moderator: Charles R. McClure
Web IR (Contributed Papers)
• Once Found, What Next?: A Study of "Keeping" Behaviors in the Personal Use of Web Information. William Jones and Harry Bruce, University of Washington, and Susan Dumais,
• Multimedia Web Searching Trends. H. C. Ozmutlu and S. Ozmutlu, Uludag University, and Amanda Spink, Pennsylvania State University
• Geosearcher: Geospatial Ranking of Search Engine Results. Carolyn Watters and Ghada Amoudi, Dalhousie University
User Interfaces (Contributed Papers)
• Hermes, The Information Messenger. Integrating Information Services and Delivering Them to the End User. Gerardo Coello-Coutiño, Ana María Escalante-Gonzalbo and Shirley Ainsworth, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
• How to Make Audio/video as Easy to Use and Share as Text. Anselm Spoerri, Rutgers University
• Multimodal Bivariate Thematic Maps: Auditory and Haptic Display. Wooseob Jeong, University
of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, and Myke Gluck, Virginia Military Institute
3:30pm - 5:00pm
Innovative Uses of Knowledge Management to Maintain Competitive Advantage (SIGs MGT & KM)
The next generation of knowledge management is on the horizon, and
the emphasis is on maintaining a competitive edge through KM. This session will explore innovative applications from the research perspective, but with a careful eye on the practical.
You will learn about
- "Boundary spanning" to support knowledge management innovation
- Use of unfamiliar workflow models to improve knowledge transfer
- Competitive intelligence systems technology to guide KM software development
Bill Edgar, University of Arizona
Pierrette Bergeron, University of Montreal
Jerry Miller, Simmons College
Bret Breeding, Compaq Computer Corp.
Katherine Shelfer, Drexel University
J. Drew Procaccino, Drexel University
Yolanda Jones, Drexel University
AnnaMarie Del Casale, Intracorp.
Larry Nash White
, Florida State University
Information Science and Intelligence Work: Lessons from the Cold War (SIG/HFIS)
Continuing a popular program begun at the 2001 ASIST Annual Meeting, former intelligence agents from several countries will explore the extent to which information science and intelligence
work have influenced each other. Focusing on the Cold War period, panelists will examine such questions as what intelligence workers learned about IS on their jobs, how IS knowledge
contributed to their work as intelligence agents, what intelligence work should have known about IS, and related issues.
Robert V. William, University of South Carolina
BenAmi Lipetz, SUNY Albany
Emil Levine, US Naval Intelligence
George L. Marling, MITRE Corp.
Lee S. Strickland, University of Maryland
Edward M. McClure
, Bricefield Harnett Maloof & Paleos
Rodney Brunt, Leeds Metropolitan University
State-of-the-Art of Content Analysis
Computer-aided content analysis has evolved more or less independently in service to three fields: literary studies, mass communication and intelligence. For the most part, neither the
concepts nor the methodologies have been addressed in the context of generic analysis of information within the information science community. In this session, the editor of the most
recent book on the subject will introduce the issues. Then representatives from three companies which have commercially available systems for business applications will speak.
Deanna Morrow Hall, Bio-Lab, Inc.
Mark D. West, University of North Carolina, Asheville
Paul Germeraad, Chief Operating Officer, Aurigin Systems, Inc.
Chief Scientist, Convera
Alan L. Porter, Director, Research & Development Search Technology
Data Mining for Health Care Professionals (SIG/MED)
Through the digitization of data, health care providers can collect and store voluminous numbers of documents in databases, data warehouses and data repositories. However, one of the
challenges posed by this new information environment is how to interpret meaningful knowledge from the collection of data. Data mining methods yield some unique approaches to discovering
knowledge hidden in large databases. If used correctly, data mining can provide an organization with insight to its own internal intellectual assets.
You will learn about:
- Recent developments in the area of data exploration
- Key components of setting up a successful data mining program
Elizabeth Liddy, Syracuse University, Public Health Interventions
Henry Small, ISI, Citation and Analysis of Medical Literature
, Atlantic Health System – Overlook Hospital, Consumer Health Information, What do we learn
Dale Sanders, Dale Sanders Intermountain Health Care, The Design, Development and Utilization
and Benefits of Data Warehouse of an Organization
Moderator: Y'vonne Gray, Pace University
The Semantic Web (ASIST Standards Committee)
The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web in which information is given well-defined
meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation. It is the idea of having data on the Web defined and linked in a way that it can be used for more effective discovery,
automation, integration, and reuse across various applications. The Semantic Web is an initiative of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), with the goal of extending the current Web to
facilitate Web automation, universally accessible content, and the 'Web of Trust'.
Eric Miller, who is leading the W3C Semantic Web activity will give an overview of of the current
and planned activities going on within this effort. In addition, James Hendler who is chairing the Semantic Web Ontology Working Group will discuss the efforts going on within that group on
the development of a language to extend the semantic reach of current XML and RDF meta-data efforts. This language will build support for developing applications that depend on an
understanding of logical content, not just human-readable presentation. The focus of the working group is on building the ontological layer and the formal underpinnings for the development of such applications
You will learn about:
- Current and planned W3C Semantic Web activities
- Efforts by the Ontology Working Group to develop a language to extend the semantic reach of current XML and RDF metadata efforts
, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
James Hendler, University of Maryland, College Park, chair, Semantic Web Ontology Working Group
Moderator: Mark Needleman, Sirsi
Bibliometrics (Contributed Papers)
• A Tri-citation Analysis Exploring the Citation Image of Kurt Lewin. Linda Marion, Drexel University
• Algorithmic Citation-linked Historiography – Mapping the Literature of Science. Eugene Garfield, Chairman Emeritus, ISI; A. I. Pudovkin, Institute of Marine Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences;
V.S. Istomin, Washington State University
• Mapping Scientometrics (1981-2001). Chaomei Chen, Katherine McCain, Howard White and Xia Lin, Drexel University
Medical Informatics: Market for IS/IT. Theodore Allan Morris, Kent State University
Student Member Reception