Tuesday, Nov. 14, Technical Session Detail
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 9:00 am

So you want an Undergraduate Major


Top-quality undergraduate information science programs are essential to ensure that the next generation of researchers is well-prepared for the many challenges that lie ahead. To assist colleges and universities in developing the best possible program, ASIS is exploring creating a model information science curriculum similar to ACM's very successful computer science curriculum. In this session speakers will explore, with the help of audience members, some of the potential components of such a curriculum and other issues related to strengthening undergraduate information science programs.

You Will Learn About

Major goals of undergraduate programs in information science;

Current curriculum models;

Opportunities for student recruiting.

Susan Bonzi , Syracuse University
Elisabeth Logan, Florida State University
Barbara Wildemuth, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Gregory Newby , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


International Digital Library Advances in Developing Countries


Information science experts in developing countries face a unique set of opportunities and challenges as they work to put today's evolving technologies to use to benefit their nations. In this session speakers from several developing countries will discuss their efforts to create practical, collaborative applications of digital library and information science technology.



End User Information Searching on the Internet: How Do Users Search and What Do They Search For?


Every day millions of people around the world use Internet search engines to find information on the World Wide Web and utilize vendor-based tools, like DIALOG, EBSCO and UMI, to access proprietary databases. Despite the growing popularity of these tools, however, very little is known about the search habits of the people using them.  In this session speakers will discuss the results of a series of research projects that provide valuable insights into how users search for information.  

You Will Learn About

Some common characteristics of user queries;

Query formulation and reformulation strategies;

Search feature usage;

What users are searching for on these services;

The differences in search behavior between individuals using an Internet search engine and those using vendor-based tools to access a proprietary database;

The implications of these studies for the development of information services and systems for end-users.

Tefko Saracevic, Rutgers University
Amanda Spink, Penn State University
Dietmar Wolfram, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Hong (Iris) Xie, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Tefko Saracevic, Rutgers University


Global Networks and Virtual Communication


The Internet has made it possible for people with shared interests from around the world to interact and collaborate with one another in new and exiting ways. In this session speakers from several different countries will discuss their own experiences with some of the collaborative opportunities and challenges posed by this new global communication network.

You Will Learn About

How two authors used the Internet to collaborate on researching and writing a book;

The advantages and limitations of using a computer mediated communication system to host a virtual conference;

Lessons learned from building a virtual community of practitioners and researchers in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Susanne Bjorner , Choice Magazine and Stephanie Ardito, Ardito Information and Research Inc.
Writing About 'Online' Online
Catherine Collins and Charlotte Ford, Indiana University and Luz Marina Quiorga, University of Hawaii
An Exploratory Study of the Advantages and Limitations of a Virtual Conference
Michel Menou, City University, London, Daniel Pimienta, Fundacion Redes y Desarrollo, Dominican Republic, Karin Delgadillo, CHASQUINET, Ecuador
Building a Virtual Community  in Latin America and the Caribbean for Study and Action on Socially Responsible use of ICTs

Hong Xu, University of Pittsburgh


Ordering Information

Theodore Allan Morris, University of Cincinnati Medical Center
Visualizing the Structure of Medical Informatics Using Term Co-occurrence Analysis
Qin He, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Mapping the Dynamics in Artificial Intelligence Through Co-Word Analysis
Kwong Bor Ng, Queens College, City University of New York, Soo Young Rieh and Paul Kantor, Rutgers University
Signal Detection Methods and Discriminant  Analysis Applied to Categorization of Newspaper and Government Documents: A Preliminary Study

Susan Turner, International Monetary Fund


10:30 am

Ideology of Encyclopedism

W. Boyd Rayward, University of Illinois
Concepts of Encyclopedia and the Organization and Retrieval of Knowledge: Historical Perspectives
Mikel Breitenstein, Long Island University
Encyclopedism at the End of Modernity
Hope Olson , University of Alberta, Edmonton
Shoes: Postmodern, Poststructural, Postcolonial Rereading of Encyclopedism

Julian Warner, The Queens University of Belfast


Digital Libraries and their Role in Knowledge Dissemination and Creation


Digital libraries (DLs) are opening up many exciting new research avenues and creating opportunities for collaboration among people who might otherwise be separated by time, space and disciplinary specialty. In this session speakers will look at the Open Archives Initiative, an effort to help DLs achieve their full potential to facilitate research, collaboration and knowledge creation.

You Will Learn About

How knowledge can be extended by empowering users to fully engage the information space offered by DLs;

Efforts to develop strategies that can be implemented globally to solve interoperability and author self-archiving issues related to DLs.

Shalini Urs, Mysore University, India
Hussein Suleman, Virginia Tech  (invited)
Herbert Von de Sompel , University of Ghent, Belgium (invited)


User-Centered Authentication: LDAP, WRAP, X.509, XML


Authorization and authentication procedures have a vital role to play in ensuring online security. All too many information systems, though, have awkward and isolated procedures that ultimately succeed only in slowing down and frustrating users, while doing little to advance security. In this session speakers will discuss real-world examples of technologies and techniques that have been successfully used to improve user authorization and authentication processes. They will examine the benefits and limitations of each approach.

You Will Learn About

The Digital Certificate Prototype project which uses a combination of X.509 digital certificates and directory services to verify a person's authorization to use a particular electronic resource;

An XML-based patron authentication system designed to be used as part of an integrated online library system;

Authentication and authorization protocols designed by two universities to simplify and streamline access to campus electronic resources and services.

Mark Needleman, Data Research Associates Inc.
Harry Nicholos, North Carolina State University
Layne Nordgren, Pacific Lutheran University
David Wasley, University of California


E-Books and DRM: Rights Management Solutions, Extant Automation Systems and Institutional Owners/Lenders


The publication earlier this year of Stephen King's "Riding the Bullet" and the massive sales it generated signaled the official "arrival" of e-books. Publishers and booksellers are moving aggressively into this new market. For libraries and other institutional buyers e-books pose a number of challenges, particularly in the area of digital rights management (DRM). In this session speakers will look at the challenges DRM poses for institutional buyers and how vendors are working to address these challenges.

You Will Learn About

Efforts to craft DRM solutions that will ensure that institutional lenders can circulate e-books to authorized users and track usage statistics, without jeopardizing a publisher's or authors rights;

How DRM solution vendors are working to ensure that institutional lenders will be able to smoothly integrate e-books into their current acquisition, cataloging and circulation systems. 

Dennis Dillon , University of Texas, Austin
Mary Ellen Heinen, VP of Sales and Marketing
Dennis McNannay, Infinite Ink Corporation

John Little, Duke University Libraries


Federal Information Policies Affecting Public Access To Web-Based Federal Information


Over the past few years Congress and the Clinton Administration have strongly encouraged federal government agencies to develop web sites to facilitate public access to their services. As a result, today it is hard to find an agency that doesn't have such a site. But as the number of sites has proliferated, so to have the number laws, policies and guidelines circumscribing how agencies can use the web. This session will provide an overview of some of the key information policy issues that effect management of and access to federal web sites.

You Will Learn About

Current federal information policies regarding government agencies' development and use of web-based information, including an examination of the gaps, ambiguities and contradictions in these policies;

Practical suggestions for assessing information policies and how they relate to an agency's provision of web-based services;

Ways to improve the management of agency web sites to better meet the needs of users;

How the current information policy system could be revised and updated to better address issues facing the federal officials who manage agency web sites. 

Dr. Charles McClure, Florida State University
Dr. Carol Hert , Syracuse University
Dr. Bruce T. Fraser, Florida State University


 1:30 pm

Electronic Pre-Print Initiatives: A Discussion on Comparative, Historical and Emerging Trends


It has been a long-standing practice in the scientific community for researchers to exchange pre-prints of unpublished papers as a way to distribute information more quickly than the journal publication process allows. The development of the Internet has furthered this process by allowing many scientific disciplines to create large preprint electronic archives. The success and rapid growth of these archives, though, has touched off a heated debated in the scientific community. In this session speakers will discuss some of the issues that have been raised by this debate and their implications for the future of journal publishing and electronic archives.

You Will Learn About

Perspectives on the purposes of electronic journals including whether their role in the peer review process is appropriate or even necessary; whether the added value provided by publishers is worth the high price of scientific journals; and whether the established journal process is necessary in order to provide a record of scientific progress;

Copyright issues that arise when electronic preprints are submitted to journals for publication;

Preprint archives being developed by journal publishers;

The Universal Preprint Service Initiative, which is seeking to make interoperable papers available on a variety of preprint servers.

Patricia Kreitz, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
SPIRES-HEP (High Energy Physics)
Herbert Van de Sompel, Open Archives Initiative, University of Ghent
Carl Lagoze, Cornell University
NCSTRL (Networked Computer Science Technical Reference Library)
Clifford Lynch, Coalition for Networked Information
Open Archive Initiative

Kay Denfeld, University of Washington


Visual Display of Information Spaces

Jin Zhang , University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
A Visual Information Retrieval Tool
P. Bryan Heidorn and Hong Cui, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana
The Interaction of Result Set Display Dimensionality and Cognitive Factors in Information Retrieval Systems
Gary Marchionini, Gary Geisler and Ben Brunk, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Agileviews: A Human-Centered Framework for Interfaces to Information Spaces

Joanne Kacznarek


Knowledge Development and Text Mining Tools

Igor Jurisica, University of Toronto
Building Better Decision-Support Systems By Using Knowledge Discovery

Walter Trybula, International SEMATECH and Ronald Wyllys, University of Texas at Austin
An Evaluation of Mining Tools as Applied To Selected Scientific and Engineering Literature


Information and SMEs: Toward Better Strategic Information Management Approaches for SMEs


In today's fast-changing, global, and increasingly competitive business environment SMEs need to be able to gather information quickly and systematically in order to anticipate and respond to rapid-fire changes in the business environment. Recognizing the importance of information management to the success of a competitive economy, many governments around the world are interested in implementing programs to help SMEs better manage information. Unfortunately, very little is known about what types of information SMEs need or how they use it. Such knowledge is essential to developing an appropriate model for strategic information management for SMEs and useful information products and services for them. In this session speakers will discuss efforts to develop a better understanding of SMEs' information needs.

You Will Learn About

What is known currently regarding SME information management;

Lessons and applications that can be implemented based on current knowledge;

What needs to be done in terms of research and practice in this area over the next few years.

Pierrette Bergeron, University of Montreal
Government Approaches To Foster Business Intelligence Practices in SMEs: A Comparative Study of Eight Governments
Philippe Clerc, Association Des Chambres Francaises De Commerce Et D'Industrie
The French Chambers of Commerce and Industry Sustaining Program for a Better Strategic Information Management by SMEs: A Comparative Study of Three Cases
Elisabeth Davenport, Napier University, Scotland
Localization, Globalization and SMEs in the EC Tourism Sector: The Virtual Enterprise as a Framework for Knowledge Management
Henri Dou, Universite Aix-Marseille III
Competitive Intelligence for SMEs: From Intellectual Concepts to Actionable CI: Rules and Practices
Charles Ramangalahy, University of Montreal
Sustaining Small Business Information Absorptive Capacity for Competitiveness: Towards a Theoretical Framework

Ethel Auster, University of Toronto


Assessing the Web and Digital Libraries

Gisela von Dran and Ping Zhang , Syracuse University
A Model for Assessing the Quality of Web sites
Gregory Leazer, Anne Gilliland-Swetland, Christine Borgman, University of California, Los Angeles
Classroom Evaluation of the Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype (ADEPT)
Tefko Saracevic and Lisa Covi, Rutgers University
Challenges for Digital Library Evaluation

Susie Allard


 3:30 pm

ASIS Annual Business Meeting


8:00 pm


The Politics of Information in a  Presidential Election Year, Considered in a Startingly New, Content-free Context

2000, Association for Information Science