Monday, Nov. 13, Technical Session Detail
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 9:00 am


 10:30 am

Conquering the Babel: Cross-Language Information Retrieval on the Web


In the biblical Babel no two people spoke the same language and so, though everyone was talking, no one understood. Effective Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) systems can save Internet users from a similar fate. In this session, panelists will give an overview of CLIR methodologies; explore the use of new technologies to overcome problems inherent in CLIR; and report on efforts to exploit CLIR's full potential. This session will provide an excellent opportunity to exchange ideas and information with fellow researchers in the burgeoning CLIR field.

You Will Learn About

The strengths and weaknesses of several approaches to CLIR, including machine translation; machine-readable dictionaries; corpus based (either parallel corpora or comparable corpora); generalized vector space model; latent semantic indexing; and conceptual interlingua;

MUCH MORE, a project aimed at developing technologies and a prototype system for multilingual information organization and access in the medical domain;

Progress on a Chinese-English retrieval system;

Current approaches to Japanese-English CLIR, including the results of the NTCIR Workshop, the first evaluation of Japanese-English CLIR, which involved 28 groups from six countries.

Elizabeth Liddy , Syracuse University
How Might CLIR Be Accomplished?
Paul Buitelaar, DFKI (German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence) GmbH
MUCH MORE: Multilingual Concept Hierarchies for Medical Information Organization and Retrieval
Noriko Kando, National Institute of Informatics, Japan
English-Japanese Cross-Lingual Information Retrieval of Scientific and Technical Information

Jian Qin, Syracuse University


Characteristics of Searchers

Luz Marina Quiroga and Javed Mostafa, Indiana University

Empirical Evaluation of Explicit Versus Implicit Acquisition of User Profiles in Information Filtering Systems

Nigel Ford, Tom Wilson, David Ellis, Allen Foster , University of Sheffield and Amanda Spink,

University of North Texas
Individual Difference in Information Seeking: An Empirical Study


Scholars Use of the Web

Soo Young Rieh and Nick Belkin, Rutgers University
Interaction on the Web: Scholars' Judgment of Information Quality and Cognitive Authority
Yin Zhang, Kent State University
Exploring Factors Affecting Scholars' Use of Internet-based Resources


Scholarly Journals: Licensing, Use, Cost And Impact

Efthimis Efthimiadis and Harry Bruce , University of Washington
A Study of the Impact of Statewide Database Licensing on Information Provision in the State of Washington
Carol Tenopir , University of Tennessee and Donald King, retired King Research Inc.
The Use and Value of Scholarly Journals
The Cost and Price Dilemma of Scholarly Journals


Metadata Evaluation: The Road Toward Meeting Our Objectives


With the meteoric rise in the use of the World Wide Web, metadata has taken on an important new role in resource discovery. In this session speakers will look at efforts to establish standards for the use of metadata, particularly the Dublin Core initiative. They will also examine how metadata is being used in real life projects to evaluate whether it is living up to its potential.

You Will Learn About

The status of the Dublin Core initiative, now in its fifth year, which is aimed at creating a standard and stable set of metadata elements for an increasingly international community;

Trends in the development of metadata standards, including a comparison of two central development traditions and a look at how they may be successfully merging;

Efforts to create metadata standards for description of education objects on the Internet, including a case study of how the National Library of Education's Gateway to Educational Materials project is aligning itself with these standardization efforts.

Kathleen Burnett, Florida State University
Jeong-Mee Lee, Florida State University
Stuart Sutton, University of Washington
Stuart Weibel , OCLC Online Computer Library Center Inc.

Colleen Cuddy, New York University School of Medicine


 1:30 pm

Group Information Behaviors

Kevin Rioux , University of Texas at Austin
Sharing Information Found For Others on the World Wide Web:  A Preliminary Examination
Mirja Iivonen, University of Oulu, Finland and Diane Sonnenwald, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Using Emerging Information Technology To Facilitate International Collaboration
Berit Irgens, University of Bergen, Norway
Problems Using a Web-OPAC: A Pilot Study


Update on the Proposed Closing of the National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In August 1999 Secretary of Commerce William Daley proposed closing the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) and transfer its collections, function, services, and assets to the Library of Congress.  Several other alternatives to the Library of Congress have also been proposed. The National Commission on Libraries and Information Science has held multiple hearings and received voluminous testimony on the topic and alternatives. This session will provide an update on the prospects facing NTIS.

Speakers from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science


Document Genres: What We Bring From the Past, What We Design For the Future


A document's genre refers to its form, substance and contextual use. There are genre types in all aspects of life, including the arts, business, communication and science. With the growth of the Internet we have been introduced to a range of new genres including homepages and FAQs.  In this session panelists will explore the concept of genre and how it applies to information systems and the Internet.

You Will Learn About

The history of genre and how aspects of this tradition can be applied to the design of today's information systems;

A study of how the identification of genre, both manually and automatically, might help increase the precision of Internet searches and enhance the ability of users to interact with information systems.

Clare Beghtol , University of Toronto
The Concept of Genre in the Humanities
Elaine Toms, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS
Genre and Form: How Users Recognize Genre
Kevin Crowston, Barbara Kwasnik, Michael Nilan, and Dmitri Roussinov, Syracuse University
Identifying Document Genre to Improve Web Search Effectiveness

Barbara Kwasnik, Syracuse University


Student Papers and Awards


As they confront the challenges of the new millennium the next generation of information science researchers will have to grapple with the array of new obstacles and opportunities created by the Internet. The good news is that they are well prepared. This session provides a chance for us to recognize the early achievements of some of the best and brightest of the next generation as the winners of our student award contests present their papers.

You will hear from the winners of:

The UMI Doctoral Dissertation Award (formerly the Doctoral Forum Award), which recognizes outstanding doctoral candidates whose research has made a significant contribution to a key aspect of information science;

The ISI Doctoral Dissertation Proposal Scholarship awarded for outstanding doctoral dissertations submitted by graduate students;

The Pratt-Severn Best Student Research Paper Award given to a current student who has demonstrated outstanding work in a degree-granting program in the information field. This award has been sponsored since 1996 by the Pratt Institute.


Searching Over Multiple Sessions

Ethelene Whitmire , University of Wisconsin
Interpreting Undergraduates' Information Seeking Behavior Through Epistemological Development Theories
Kwong Bor Ng, Queens College, City University of New York
The Applicability of Universal Pragmatics in Information Retrieval Interaction: A Pilot Study
Shin-jeng Lin and Nick Belkin, Rutgers University
Modeling Multiple Information Seeking Episodes


 3:30 pm

Doctoral Seminar on Research and Career Development


Doctoral candidates (selected from those competing for the ISI and UMI doctoral awards) have been invited to informally discuss their current research and future career and research plans with established researchers in information science. By invitation only.

Barbara Wildemuth, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Louise Su, University of Pittsburgh
Ingrid Hsieh-Yee , Catholic University of America


Crossing the Digital Divide

John Agada, Emporia State University
Knowledge Seeking Behavior in an Inner-City Community: Assessment of a First Generation Universal Service Program
Eric Meyer, Indiana University
Information Inequality Case Study: UCITA, Public Policy and Information Access

Kendra Jones


Digital Library Use: Social Practice in Design and Evaluation


A digital library (DL) isn't just a technological entity. A DL is also a social community where people come together to share knowledge, practices, and tools. In this session panelists will explore the social nature of DLs and the implications for the design and evaluation of systems.

You Will Learn About

Socially-ground approaches to understanding DLs;

Issues that arise from these approaches and how to address them;

The impact of a socially-grounded approach on DL design and evaluation.

Christine Borgman , University of California, Los Angeles
Laura Neumann, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nancy Van House, University of California, Berkeley
Ann Bishop , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Clifford Lynch, executive director of the Coalition for Networked Information, Washington, D.C


Preliminary Results From US-InterPARES Project


Until recently, if a CFO wanted a copy of his company's financial records from five years ago he would send someone to the files or to storage to pull a paper copy. Paper records, which can generally be stored for decades, have traditionally formed the backbone of corporate memory. In today's business environment, though, many—if not most—records of value are being created and stored electronically on applications that may be obsolete in as few as three years. How will organizations be able to preserve these important records long-term and how they will be able to authenticate their accuracy? In this session speakers will provide an overview of the preliminary results of the InterPARES (International Research on the Preservation of Authentic Records in Electronic Systems) project, which is exploring approaches to the preservation of authentic electronic records over time.

You Will Learn About

The challenges inherent in preserving electronic records;

The preliminary results of intensive case studies of diverse electronic record keeping systems in a range of institutional settings. The goals of these studies are to identify the common elements of record-keeping systems, target those elements that help preserve authenticity, and use this information to develop model record-keeping systems and processes.

Dr. Michele Cloonan, Francesca Marini, Eun Park, Shelby Sanett, Kalpana Shankar, Ciaran Trace, University of California, Los Angeles


Classification, Storage and Retrieval

Bernard Jansen, University of Maryland, Amanda Spink, Pennsylvania State University, Maj. Anthony Pfiff, United States Military Academy
A Linguistical Analysis of World Wide Web Queries

Maureen L. Mackenzie , Long Island University, The Classification, Storage
and Retrieval of Electronic Mail

Timothy Patrick, John Reid, MaryEllen Sievert, Mihail Popescu, James Gigantelli, University of Missouri-Columbia, Mark Shelton, University of Nebraska and Jade Schiffman, University of Texas Medical Branch-Galveston
Mapping Ophthalmic Terms To a Standardized Vocabulary

Harry Samuels, Northwestern University

© 2000, Association for Information Science