Eugene Garfield – In memoriam by Tatjana Aparac-Jelušić

Eugene GarfieldEugene Garfield – In memoriam (Published in Croatian Information and Documentation Society’s Newsletter)

On Sunday, February 26, 2017  the great Gene Garfield passed away.

Eugene Garfield was born on September 1925  in New York. He graduated from Columbia University in his native town in 1949. He received the title of MSc  from the same University. In 1954 he defended a PhD  at the University of Pennsylvania.

Afterwards he was awarded  several honorary doctorates  (the University Vrije in Brussels, in 1988, at the State University of New York at Albany in 1990, from the Thomas Jefferson University in 1991, the University of Rome Tor Vergata in1994, and the Karolinska University in Prague in 1995.) Gene Garfield started his career as a research scientist in the field of chemistry in 1949, after which he worked as a chemist at Columbia University, in 1950 and 1951, and became a member of a project team for machine indexing. From 1954 to1960 he was CEO of Eugene Garfield Associates in Philadelphia. In 1960 he founded the Institute for Scientific Information – ISI and was its president from 1960 to 1993, and since 1994 its honorary president. In 1986 he became owner of  the journal The Scientist. He was  associate professor of information science at the University of Pennsylvania in 1974, Member of Rockefeller University since 1978 and a member of many international scientific institutes. His scientific work is enormous and among others includes the books Citation Indexing Theory and Its Application in Science, Technology and Humanities (in a series of Information Science) and Transliterated Dictionary of the Russian Language. He wrote articles and editorials in Current Comments and Current Contents,  since 1956 in Commentary and The Scientist.

He is worldwide known for his innovative, and widely used information service Current Contents (since 1956). Well known and much quoted are his Essays of an Information Scientist, published in 15 volumes, from 1962 to 1993. He was member of many professional and scientific associations in the United States and abroad and won numerous high awards.

It is difficult, almost impossible to list all Garfield achievements. He will especially be remembered in Croatia, with his overwhelming contribution to the development of automatic indexing and scientific information. He visited Croatia in 2004, and was guest of honor at  International Conference LIDA (Libraries in the digital age). Although with health problems he kindly responded to our request and spent with participants LIDA three unforgettable days in Dubrovnik and the island of Mljet. He gave a  specifically prepared talk and, as he admitted, he was very nervous because it was the first time his youngest son, Alexander Merton Garfield, listened to him teach. Alex, along with his father, will be remembered by Osijek students as a simple, friendly and very approachable persons. I dare to believe that Gene Garfield not only remained in the memories of many students who have then seen and heard him, but that he encouraged their further study and activities in Information Science.

Personally, I feel that we have lost a great scientist and a friend who has always found time to talk to colleagues from our region and generously helped whenever we needed it.

To him be glory and thanks.

Tatjana Aparac-Jelušić

Bukovac Sungerski, Croatia, February 27, 2017.

Information Today Report – The ASIS&T AM Goes to Europe

info today jan17 EUChap member Emil Levine reports on the ASIS&T Annual Meeting in Copenhagen last autumn and summarizes current LIS research as well as European Influence on Information Science.

Levine, E. (2017). The ASIS&T Annual Meeting Goes to Europe. Information Today, 31(1). http://www.infotoday.com/it/jan17/Levine–The-ASIST-Annual-Meeting-Goes-to-Europe.shtml  

Research in virtual and augmented reality, human-computer interaction, human motion tracking, and computer graphics and vision, with a focus on healthcare applications, were the topics of Greg Welch’s opening plenary speech, “Bridging the Telepresence Valley,” at the annual meeting of the Association for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T) in Copenhagen, Denmark, Oct. 14–18, 2016. This was the first time an annual ASIS&T meeting was held outside of the U.S. or Canada.

READ article online

info today jan17 IIinfo today jan17 III

Results from EUChap Panel at AM 2016

For the panel “Tomato tomahto: European perspectives on information science” at the AM2016 organized by our chapter member Julian Isabella gathered and condensed information on how EUChap members  perceive the concept ‘information science’ from their particular point of view and specific background. The descriptions and definitions were categorized and major as well as outstanding viewpoints have been presented during the panel. With the help of 12 members Isabella could build a map of concepts related to ‘information science’ that also provided a ‘visual’ starting point for discussion among panelists and the audience.

Panel slides.

Storify about AM in Copenhagen

If you want to know what the Library and Informaiton Science community did in Copenhagen this October, listen to our board member Agnes Mainka. She participated in an ASIS&T competition and created a digitale story about her experiences and adventures in Copenhagen, from talks and meetings with colleagues to the first Barcamp of the European Student Chapter.

See Agnes’ story on Storify.

Congratulations to Agnes: She succeeded in the competition and received a prize for her storify.

ASIS&T President Lynn Silipigni Connaway Participated in Two Events in Italy

This post was submitted by Anna Maria Tammaro, PhD

Post from asis.org.

ASIS&T President Lynn Silipigni Connaway participated at two events this past October in Italy, introducing ASIS&T to Italian professionals, students and scholars. This was the first time ASIS&T has presented in Italy — the relevance of these events is high, considering that in Italy, Information Science is misunderstood as Computer Science and that there is still confusion about Documentation, Library Science and Information Science.

On Friday, October 21 the DILL International Master Consortia organized the DILL Master’s Student Research Colloquium in Parma University at the Department of Information Engineering. Panel experts included Graham Walton (UK), Ursula Georgy (Germany), Elena Corradini (IT) and DILL professors and was chaired by Lynn Silipigni Connaway. Ms. Connaway introduced the audience to ASIS&T;s networking history, activities and trends; stressing the importance of research as a professional career.

The DILL master’s students had the opportunity to give a lightning talk style presentation on their research projects. There was also the opportunity to network with colleagues, ask questions to the Panel, and discuss their research projects in an open environment.

On Monday October 24, ASIS&T collaborated with DILL International Master Consortia, AIUCD (Italian Digital Humanities branch of the European EADH) and OCLC Research to organize a Workshop entitled “Digital Humanities, Digital Library and Information Science: what relationship?” in Florence at the Biblioteca Umanistica University of Florence. The aim of the Workshop was to engage digital humanities scholars and digital library professionals and researchers in a conversation about Information Science and the research done by the two communities. The objectives of the Workshop were to build a bridge between Digital Humanities and Digital Libraries communities, outlining areas of synergies and possible cooperation.

Ms. Connaway, as keynote of the Workshop, introduced ASIS&T to the 50 participants and described the initial results of research being conducted on digital technology’s impact on scholars and librarians.

Participating Speakers were:

  • Maurizio Lana  University of Piemonte Orientale, creator of digilibLT project and chair of the ADHO Multilinguality Multiculturality Standing Committee.
  • Enrica Salvatori, University of Pisa, Assistant Professor of History, and Archaeological Informatics.
  • Maria Simi. Associate Professor. President of the study programmes in Digital Humanities; Member of the Digital Culture laboratory
  • Gianmaria Silvello is Assistant professor at Department of Information Engineering of the University of Padova
  • Paolo Sirito of Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milano. Library Department
  • Liliana Gregori of Catholic University of the Sacred Heart  Library Department,
  • Gabriele Lunati Amministratore delegato  IFNET-OCLC
  • Titia van der Werf is a Senior Program Officer in OCLC Research based in OCLC’s Leiden office. Titia coordinates OCLC Research

As a first result of the Workshop, an interesting conversation started about the gap between Digital Humanities scholars and Digital Libraries. The gap was evidenced on:

  • Weakness of network among staff, librarians, and faculty
  • Lack of shared vocabulary for describing research questions
  • Different teaching philosophies and strategies

After the Workshop, there is the intention to continue the conversation about the following key questions:

  • What kind of partnership (bridge) between staff, librarians, faculty is needed? What collaboration is desiderable?
  • What are the education and training needs of staff, librarians, faculty? Research has to  be done
  • Is Information Science the common discipline?

The conversation continues in Italian in the AIUCD Blog: http://infouma.hypotheses.org

It is also vital to continue the discussion at the international level; and could be very helpful in continuing the collaboration with ASIS&T to bridge the evidenced gap.

Post submitted by Anna Maria Tammaro, PhD,

Chair IFLA Library Theory and Research Section

Presidente Comitato Scientifico UNIPR CoLab

Università di Parma, Italy

EUChap celebrates its ASIS&T Awards

The European Chapter is proud for its engaging and outstanding members and congratulates Peter Ingwersen, Isabella Peters and Diane Sonnenwald!

Our member Peter Ingwersen received the ASIS&T Award of Merit, honoring his outstanding contributions to the field of information science! -> Official statement (also below)

Our past Chair and Alternate Chapter Assembly Isabella Peters is Chapter Member of the Year, honoring her engagement and her great ideas she brought into the Chapter!

Our member Diane Sonnenwald, ASIS&T president 2012 and co-chair of the Anual Meeting in Copenhagen 2016, received the Watson Davis Award for her outstanding engagement within the ASIS&t community.

And last but not least, our Chapter can celebrate istself for again receiving the Chapter of the Year Award for its outstanding activtites.

On behalf of the Chair and board members, congratulations to our members!

Statement on Award of Merit, by Chair Virginia Ortiz_Repiso and Peiling Wang, Professor at School of Information Sciences, University of Tennessee:

Pdf-Version: statement_2016_award-of-merit

Dr. Ingwersen has made and he continues to make, remarkable contributions to the field of Library and Information Science. The overarching theme of Dr. Ingwersen’s research interlinks the fundamental essence of the disciplinary triangle of information, people, technology and their relationships; and he stands as one of the most widely published and highly cited researchers in the field of Library and Information Science.

Dr. Ingwersen’s research encompasses two chief domains (1) information retrieval, and (2) bibliometric and especially, webometrics.

Hi is known for development of Cognitive Theory of Information Retrieval, as an attempt to globalize information retrieval through the representation of all components in a holistic approach. Traditional models of information retrieval (Boolean, vector, probabilistic), paid little or no attention to the social context of the tasks of indexing and searching. If we consider information seeking and the ways users use the information retrieval systems, we cannot neglect the social context and thus the cognitive aspects. Dr. Ingwersen made this apparent by leading the way in investigating the cognitive processes of interaction between people and systems. He analyzed the impact of computer technology on the search behavior of individuals, and the application of this approach in the information industry, such as structural representations with different levels of complexity cooperating in a process of interactive communication. Ingwersen emphasizes that these are the binding factors of this theory: the subjective nature that every individual and the context in which it operates; that is, studying their mood, their area of interest, the degree of motivation, and other factors.

Derived from the cognitive IIR model, he and associates created the poly-representation of information needs for improving IIR design. This model, based on inferential logic, indicates that the more evidence one has via consultation documents and the relationships between them, the more likely that the results will resemble the information needs of the user. This is what Ingwersen called intentional redundancy. In short, he created a theory and a school that many others have followed. In recognition of his contributions to IIR, he received several prestigious awards, most recently, the 2015 UKeiG Tony Kent Strix Award.

In scientometrics and informetrics, he has developed indicators and metrics to evaluate scientific research across organizations, disciplines, and countries. Peter Ingwersen is not only a rigorous researcher but also an innovative mind that is quick to identify and explore new ideas. He is called the father of Webometrics. Since he and Thomas C. Almind coined the term, Webometrics has grown into an established research area. JASIST published a special issue on Webometrics in 2004. In recognition of this work, Peter Ingwersen received the 2005 Derek de Solla Price Medal.

Peter Ingwersen is one of the most prolific contributors to peer-reviewed journals, books, encyclopedia, and conferences in information science worldwide. His research impact is evident also by the citation indices. Thomson Reuters recognized Peter Ingwersen with the 2005 Thomson Award of Excellence in Denmark for being the internationally most highly cited Danish researcher in the social sciences.

Beyond research, Ingwersen’s significant contributions to the field are also reflected by his teaching and mentoring of new generations of researchers in information science all over the world. As a professor, Peter Ingwersen is a beloved mentor and advisor and a dynamic teacher to many young researchers, doctoral students, and students of his courses. Many of his students and mentees have become successful researchers, academics and award winners. As a luminary in the field, not only does Peter Ingwersen support and encourage the new generation of researchers by commenting on their works and providing tenure and promotion reviews in rarely achieved thoroughness, but he also recognizes them by citing their works.  

Peter Ingwersen is a leader and visionary in the field. He has been selected to many editorial boards of prestigious scholarly journals including J.Doc, IPM, JASIST, ARIST, and Scientometrics. He was elected to the International Advisory Board of China’s iSchool in Wuhan. He collaborates with international researchers through lectures, conferences, and research projects.

 

Seminar on Digital Humanities, Digital Libraries and Information Science

The Seminar “Digital Humanities, Digital Libraries and Information Science:
what relation?” aims to open a conversation about the relationship between Digital Libraries, Digital Humanities and Information Science.  The Seminar will be opened by the 2016-2017 President of ASIS&T, Lynn SIlipigni Connaway, and includes presentations that highlight the applications of research methods for information issues.

More information in the flyer.

Time and Place

Firenze, 24 ottobre 2016

Biblioteca Umanistica Università di Firenze

Sala Comparetti

Piazza Brunelleschi 4 Firenze

9:30am-16:00pm

 

Program

9:30

Introduction and Welcome

Anna Maria Tammaro (International Master DILL Digital Library Learning)

9:45-10:30

Opening Keynote

Lynn Silipigni Connaway

(President ASIS&T, Senior Research Scientist and Director of User Research,  OCLC Research)

10:30-12:30

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH IN DIGITAL HUMANITIES AND DIGITAL LIBRARIES

Fabio Ciotti

(Università di Roma3 AIUCD)

Francesca Tomasi

(Università di Bologna – AIUCD)

Maurizio Lana

(Università del Piemonte Orientale – AIUCD)

 Paolo Sirito, Liliana Gregori (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore – Milano)

Enrica Salvatori, Maria Simi (Università di Pisa)

Maristella Agosti, Gianmaria Silvello (Università di Padova)

12:30-13:00

Discussion “What are the gaps? What are the sinergies?”

13:00-14:00 Lunch Break

14:00-15:00

OVERVIEW OF OCLC RESEARCH

Gabriele Lunati (IFNet-OCLC)

Titia van der Werf (Senior Program Officer, OCLC Research)

15:00-16:00

Discussion “Planning the next steps”

Conclusion